According to the New England Journal of Medicine, the virus has so far infected 35 people. The article in the journal has been published by scientists from China and Singapore.
According to media reports, a new type of henipavirus was detected in the throat swab samples of fever patients. Cases were detected in eastern China. These people were reportedly in close contact with the animals. People infected with the virus were showing symptoms such as fever, fatigue, nausea, cough, myalgia and anorexia. This was confirmed by the scholars who were part of the study.
The same symptoms were found in 26 out of 35 infected people. These include fever, cough, anorexia, myalgia, irritability, nausea, headache and vomiting.
What is Henipavirus?
Henipavirus infection is a zoonotic disease that can be transmitted from person to person, through contaminated food, or directly from animal to human. It can cause a variety of diseases in infected individuals, including asymptomatic (sub-clinical) infection, acute respiratory illness, and fatal encephalitis. Additionally, the virus can cause severe disease in pigs and other animals, costing producers considerable money.
Are Nipah, Hendra and Henipavirus the same thing?
Nipah (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV) are emerging family zoonotic pathogens paramyxoviridae and gens. is classified in henipavirus, Both NiV and HeV cause severe and often fatal respiratory disease and/or encephalitis in animals and humans.
How is henipavirus transmitted?
Although there have been only a few outbreaks of Nipah virus in Asia, it affects a wide variety of animals and can kill or make people seriously ill.
Most human infections during the first known outbreaks In Malaysia, which also affected Singapore, it occurred as a direct result of exposure to sick pigs or their contaminated tissues. Unprotected contact with sick animal tissue or unprotected contact with swine fluids are the two most likely routes of transmission.
Consumption of fruit or fruit products (such as raw date palm juice) contaminated with the urine or saliva of infected fruit bats was the most likely cause of infection in the following outbreaks in Bangladesh and India.
Human-to-human transmission of Nipah virus has also been reported among families and caregivers of infected patients.