The world’s largest biometric identification system is Aadhaar. World Bank Chief Economist Paul Romer called Aadhaar “the most advanced ID program in the world.” Aadhaar in itself does not confer any rights to domicile in India; rather, it is considered proof of residency rather than citizenship.
Aadhaar, a 12-digit unique personal identification number. In June 2017, the Ministry of Home Affairs made it clear that Aadhaar is not a recognized identity document for Indian citizens visiting Nepal and Bhutan.
The UIDAI had been functioning as an attached agency of the Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog) since 28 January 2009, before the Act was passed. A money bill to support Aadhaar was introduced in Parliament on March 3, 2016.
The Lok Sabha passed the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Assistance, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016 on March 11.
Under the Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services (Aadhaar) Act, 2016, the data is collected by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), a statutory body established by the Government of India in January 2009 under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act)
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, also known as MGNREGA, was renamed the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act of 2005 or NREGA in 2009. The “right to work” is protected by social security and labor laws in India. After rural development minister Raghuvansh Prasad Singh introduced the bill in Parliament, this law was passed on 23 August 2005 during the UPA administration of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
The goal is to increase livelihood security in rural areas by giving at least one adult household member who voluntarily registers for unskilled manual work at least 100 days of paid work in a fiscal year. According to MGNREGA, women are promised one third of the available jobs. Production of durable goods is one of the other objectives of MGNREGA (such as roads, canals, ponds and wells).
Minimum wage law
As per Indian labor laws, the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 determines the minimum wages to be paid to both skilled and unskilled workers.
According to the Constitution of India, a “living wage” is the amount of money an employee must earn to maintain a minimum standard of living, including good health, dignity, comfort and education, and to cover unexpected expenses. However, the constitution defines a “reasonable wage” to take into account the industry’s ability to pay.
A reasonable salary is one that takes into account the industry’s ability to pay and at the same time aims to increase employment. According to public opinion, the government should set an annual salary change like other countries, because unfair attention has been paid to the decades-old regulation, which is currently being misused by big companies to pay their workers.
In India, a special court is called a consumer court. It mostly focuses on consumer related issues, disputes and grievances. Hearings are held in court to resolve these disagreements.
The court’s primary concern when consumers file suit is whether they can provide evidence of utilization, such as invoices or receipts. In situations where such evidence is not presented, courts rarely rule in favor of the plaintiff.
The court will base its decision primarily on the violation of the consumer’s rights (if any). The purpose of creating a separate consumer dispute room is to guarantee that these disputes are resolved quickly and affordably.
The rights offered by the court are listed below:
The right to security: The right to be protected from all kinds of dangerous substances and services.
Right to information: The right to receive complete information about the performance and quality of all goods and services.
The right to choose: The right to freely choose goods and services.
The right to be heard: The right to be heard in all decision-making processes related to the consumer’s interests.
The right to seek compensation: The right to demand compensation whenever the consumer’s rights have been violated.
The right to consumer education: The right to consumer education.
Anti-Money Laundering Act
The NDA administration passed the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 to combat this practice and provide for the forfeiture of assets acquired through it. The PMLA and its rules will come into force from 1 July 2005. Banking companies, financial institutions and brokers are required by law and the rules made thereunder to verify the identity of their customers, keep records and submit the information to the Financial Intelligence Unit-India (FIU-IND) in the prescribed format. The law has been amended in 2005, 2009 and 2012.
A provision of the Anti-Money Laundering Act that made it almost impossible for someone sentenced to more than three years in prison to apply for bail. If the public prosecutor objected, the Supreme Court overturned on November 24 with a decision in favor of individual rights.
Section 45 of the PMLA Act, 2002 states that the public prosecutor, who is a person appointed by the government, must be given the opportunity to challenge the bail granted to a person for an offense committed under the Act.