Can 5G enable the future of connected vehicles?


New Delhi: The rollout of 5G networks in India officially started on Saturday. 5G cellular technology promises faster download speeds, lower connection latency and more bandwidth than its 4G predecessor. But it’s not just the internet browsing experience that will be radically different with 5G.

The new technology will be crucial for several new use cases, including connected vehicles and infrastructure.

With the proliferation of 5G connected vehicles, initial applications of connected vehicles may be limited to better infotainment systems and OTA software updates.

However, as technology advances, connected vehicles could become more important. In the future, this could ensure that cars and drivers are informed about roadblocks, traffic jams, parking spaces, driving situations and much more.

5G and cars: what can we expect?

Many technology companies are currently working on such C-V2X (Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything) technologies. Once implemented, it will pave the way for Cooperative Intelligent Transportation Systems (C-ITS). C-ITS will help reduce traffic congestion and pollution on highways and cities.

This could pave the way for a future where automated vehicles safely navigate the streets while communicating with road infrastructure such as traffic lights, other vehicles on the road and other Internet of Things devices, including devices for pedestrians and cyclists.

According to Nokia, the higher speed, bandwidth and lower latency of 5G could support data-intensive vehicle applications in the future, such as B. Real-time situational awareness and the exchange of high-resolution sensor data.

Swedish telecom company Ericsson said it demonstrated remote control of a small vehicle over a commercial 5G network at India Mobile Congress 2022. According to the company, 5G remote control of trucks and other vehicles will help companies avoid sending their employees to potentially dangerous zones.

While autonomous vehicles are still a long way from mass adoption, real-world experiments with 5G-connected vehicles have already begun.

According to a press release from Ineco, in 2021 Telefónica, Ineco, Nokia, Stellantis, CTAG and SICE have collaborated to install sensors and 5G transmitters in the Cereixal Tunnel in Spain.

Thanks to the new system, the “intelligent tunnel” can send information to drivers, including information on roadworks, slow-moving vehicle warnings, congestion possibilities, accidents, obstacles on the road, the presence of pedestrians, vehicles and emergency vehicle entrances and weather conditions in the east.

5G-enabled connected cars will offer many benefits even before such an infrastructure upgrade happens. For example, connected cars can receive OTA (over the air) software updates, allowing users to update their car’s software without visiting a service center. Vehicles from Tesla, BMW, Mercedes Benz and other manufacturers already receive such OTA updates.

Aside from security patches and other fixes, such OTA updates can also bring new features to vehicles. For example, in 2021, Tesla released an OTA update that allowed users to turn their vehicles into a megaphone.

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