Our country India is an agricultural country. It is a land of farmers where the brave sons consider their terrain as their mother and worship their lands. Despite this, it is extremely infelicitous that the farmers in our country have always been deprived of all the privileges. Though the government has provided them with certain benefits, they have to struggle a lot for endeavoring their rights.
As of now, the situation has become so horrendous that the farmers have agitated to protest against the new three farm laws. They have rebuffed the concessions presented by the government and taken the extremist stand that their demand must be met in completely.
They have also been intimidated to escalate the blockade they have set to the national capital, if the government does not abrogate the laws. This is nothing but the dark politics of blackmail, disguised in the garb of the innocent sons of the soil taking on massive corporates.
What this protest is all about and what chaos it has created in the entire country
The Indian farmers’ protest in 2020 is a protest against the three farm acts which were advanced by the Parliament of India in September 2020.
These acts have been recounted as “anti-farmer laws” by many farmer unions. Moreover, the politicians from the opposition also delineate that it would leave farmers at the “mercy of corporates” and they would be beneath their feets.
The government, however, assures that they will make it facile for farmers to sell their products directly to the buyers. They also stated that these protests are based on complete misinformation and are swayed by the dark politics.
Also the Vypari Board Chief said that the farmers will not lose their lands under new farm laws.
As said by the Uttar Pradesh Vyapari Kalyan Board Chairman, Mr. Ravi Kant Garg and a BJP leader, the protests are baseless and the farmers will not lose their lands under the Centre’s farm laws.
The former state minister professed that the reforms introduced in agriculture, by the Centre will shelter farmers’ lands.
He also said that the sale, transfer and leasing of farmers’ land during the procedure of signing any agreement has been strictly forbidden.
He also claimed all these assumptions that farmers will lose their lands is completely groundless and advised farmers to give up their protest and agitation. Rather he asked them to perceive the pros and cons of the reforms introduced by the Centre for an year.
Almost 50 farmer unions have been protesting against the farm laws. Even the transport unions representing almost 14 million truck drivers came out in support of the farmer unions and threatened to halt movement of supplies in several states.
After the government disapproved their demands during the talks on 4 December, the farmers’ union planned to shoot up the action to another India-wide strike on 8 December.
The government tried to deduce the level of tension by offering some amendments in laws, but in vain. The unions were adamant to get the complete reversal of the farm laws.
From 12 December, farmer unions intensified the situation by taking over highway toll plazas in Haryana and allowed only the free movement of vehicles.
By mid December, the Supreme Court of India received several petitions associated with the removal of blockades created by protestors around Delhi.
The court also intended to carry on the negotiations with the various bodies of the farmer unions. The court even asked the government to keep the laws on hold, which they rejected.
The government has proffered that the Minimum Support Price (MSP) system would resume, besides to evacuate the fully undemocratic rebuttal of right to legal cure in the courts for disputations under the laws. MSP does more good rather than anguish. But there should be no assurance of open-ended procurance at MSP or imposing MSP on private traders.
The State has procured about a third of rice and wheat output. And State-owned grain mountains grow and rot simultaneously.
The money spent on procurance, transport, loading, unloading, storage, spoilage, financing and misappropriation of grain far in excess of what is needed for the security of food is money that could be enervated on education, healthcare, reformed policing, processing, storage, and transport of crops other than grains.
The farmers’ perturbation represents the scuffle of the rural gentry to retain their grip over a large hunk of State resources completely irrelevant to food security, at the tariff of the working poor.
Not only the excess procurance is the only source of rich farmers indulging, but also the money enervated on free irrigation, free power and subsidised farm inputs must be reckoned as well.
Finally, on 30th of December, the Indian Government gave approval on two of the farmers’ demands, eliminating farmers from the new pollution law and also trickling amendments of the new Electricity Ordinance. And discussion on the rest of the other demands will be resumed by both the sides on a later date.
The bogle of canny corporate bosses squashing innocent peasants under foot is elevated to keep the dispute with the poor out of sight. Companies are not only a driver of life but also of prosperity. The point of creating an organizational form for the farmers is that it would allow farm produce to be marketed with insight and bargaining power.
The government, on its part, could proffer proactive and anticipatory support for variating farming away from grain, for everyone’s advantage.