How China’s malicious plot to mold India to himself savaged India – China relations:-
We all know, China is a country with which India has a very old and strong relationship. This tie is not only related to economy, but also to other things like culture and diplomacy. But even after the bond is very strong and has a time-honoured history, it has been very sour from the very beginning. There has always been some rivalry about the borders in these two countries. And these resentments have worsened the health of India-China relations. Here, in this post, we will see how the cordial relationship turned into the dawn of a bordary rage.
To understand the economic metamorphosis, we shall have to examine the causes of the unpleasant radical transformation.
India-China Economic Relations:-
>India and China have been training partners for ages. China, being the biggest exporter, has got India with a huge trade deficit. China has the largest economy in Asia. And it has made India as the seventh-largest export destination for Chinese products.
- According to the Ministry of Commerce and Invest India, Chinese exports to India include all the basic things required for the start-up of an industry. There are about 800 Chinese companies in our domestic market.
- From smartphones, electrical appliances, metallurgical industries, automotive to power plant inputs, chemicals, and fertilizers, everything is imported from China.
- Thus, the economy of the two countries is intertwined so deeply that if there is even a little tension in it, then their economy will fall drastically.
- This is because much of the Indian economy is based and dependent on Chinese exports.
- Even China would face a huge loss if there are alterations in its markets in India.
- As of the financial year 2019-20, China has accounted for 5% of total exports of India and 14% of imports to India.
So the uprising issues can loosen the grip of the economy for both the countries.
Now we will see how the issue of the border has acquired strength.
Dawn of the Border Rage
As there have always been disputes carrying borders between these countries, this conflict has led to various wars.
1.The Sino-Indian War of 1962 :
>The India-China War of 1962 was the first war between these two countries. This war between China and India occurred in 1962. It was mainly because of the border conflict of the Himalayas.
- The Forward Policy initiated by India from 1960-1962 played a major role in increasing the heat of the dispute. By this defensive policy, India banned Chinese military patrols which increased the anger among the Chinese Military.
- Meanwhile, India also rejected the Chinese proposals of the diplomatic settlements.
- Due to this, ungrateful China abandoned all the peaceful resolutions on 20 October 1962 and invaded the Himalayan territory. They captured Rezang la in Chushul in the West and Tawang in the east.
- This war ended on 20 November 1962 after the declaration of a ceasefire by China. China also announced the withdrawal of its claim of the LAC-“Line of Actual Control “.
After this War, both the countries kept themselves in armed positions and there were no large-scale clashes until 1967 (When took place the Chola War).
2.The Cho la incident in 1967 :
>This incident is considered as the second India-China war which consisted of a series of military clashes between the two countries.
- It was due to the conflict of the border of the Himalayan Kingdom of Sikkim.
- The Chumbi Valley borderland was a major reason for raising the tensions in the incidents.
- The first clash occurred on 11 September 1967, when the PLA(People’s Liberation Army) started an attack on Indian post at Nathu La. It lasted till 15 September 1967.
- The second clash took place at Cho La post in October 1967 and ended on that very day.
- In these clashes, the Indian forces drove back the Chinese forces and destroyed many PLA fortifications. This performance was greatly pleasing for the Indian troops after the defeat in the first Sino-Indian war in 1962.
This was not the end. Again, it was followed by the bloodless conflict of the third India-China war.
3.China-India Skirmish in 1987
>This is considered as the third military dispute between the Chinese PLA Ground Forces and Indian Forces. This occurred at the Sumdorong Valley.
- It happened at the end of 1986 when India granted statehood to Arunachal Pradesh.
- As Arunachal Pradesh was an area claimed by China, they protested against the Indian Military Movements in Tawang.
- In early 1987, the Chinese proceeded to give a war but the tension was lowered by the External Affairs Minister ND Tiwari. Both the countries called for a flag meeting and gradually the troops withdrew from their positions in the Sumdorong Chu Valley.
- In 1993, both the countries signed an agreement to ensure peace along the LAC.
It all did not end here also. Now, amidst the pandemic havoc, which is also created by China, it has got India into a LAC Standoff.
Current armed conflict between India and China (2020)
>Now during the corona pandemic period, the tensions along the border in Galwan Valley in Ladakh are increasing at a higher rate.
- This conflict has got a fire as India is building a strategic road through the Galwan Valley in Ladakh and connecting the region to an airstrip.
- This move was opposed by China and all this gave rise to the conflict.
- On 15th June 2020 both, the troops had a violent face-off in which 20 Indian Soldiers lost their lives. The aggressive and courageous soldiers gave a bloody nose to the Chinese troops.
- In this Standoff, not even an inch of land was lost due to the brave and ferocious efforts of the Indian Army.
According to the Indian Foreign Ministry, the officials are putting in efforts to de-escalate the situation. Moreover, the India China News says that Beijing is not in favor of any more clashes on the border and both the nations are trying to resolve the crisis.
Rise of another flare-up is unlikely
>As said by Broderick, despite the fatalities of the 15th June incident, the situation has not m boiled over into a larger conflict and another flare-up is very unlikely to happen.
Furthermore, the conversation between the President of China, Xi Jinping, and the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi will prevent a major fallout and cure the unhealthy situation.
Future prediction of Economic Ties :
>If the violent clashes are not stopped, then it will deteriorate the bilateral ties between India and China.
As China’s assertiveness on the territorial claims is not going down, India too will start to push back against Chinese incursions.
These upgrading tensions can lead to an economic fallout for both the nations and the relationship will undergo remarkable deterioration.
Future prediction of Economic Ties
>Already due to the coronavirus pandemic, the entire country has developed a kind of hatred for China; and amidst all this, China’s new malice has further fueled this hatred beyond measures.
- The growing Anti-China sentiments in India have called for Boycott Chinese products at a louder rate.
- As per the latest news, many of the Chinese apps are likely to get banned, especially the Tiktok app has got a hard blow.
- Furthermore, the relatively high reported death toll, with 20 brave Indian soldiers dead, has set to change the dynamic of the India-China relationship, particularly on the economic front.
- Though China is India’s largest trading partner, and Chinese investments are noteworthy in the Indian technology sector, New Delhi is likely to introduce restrictive measures on Chinese foreign direct investments.
This is how the healthy relationship deteriorated and now is on the verge of ending. This is a grave problem needing immediate attention.
Since the problem has assumed gigantic proportions and threatens to vitiate and destroy the harmonic atmosphere of the nations, the only panacea to this overwhelming situation is the mutual understanding and cooperation between the two countries.
It’s really high time for China to rise above his narrow self and political interest to resolve the sanctity of the old relationship else it will get scorched in his own flaming fire.