Kashmir Gate, Delhi
After the Red Fort, near the Church of St. James, the Kashmir Gate is the culmination of the road leading to it: a Mughal structure with British additions. In a mostly exposed brick structure, the narrow Mughal-style bricks of Lahori coexist with larger colonial-era bricks.
Sankagiri Castle, Salem
Sankagiri Fort was built in the 15th century by the Vijayanagar Empire and over the years by Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, after which the British added to it. “Earlier, it was used by Congolese leaders as a watchtower,” says J. Barnabas, general secretary of the Salem Historical Society.
Jhansi Rani ka Qila (Jhansi Rani Palace) in Bangira, Uttar Pradesh
Strategically located on Bangara Hill, the fort has 10 gates, and spreads over an area of 20 hectares. The fort was the stronghold of the Chandela kings of Balwant Nagar from the 11th to the 17th century and Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, who led the 1857 revolt against the British there.
With the British advancing towards her fort, Rani Lakshmi Bai attempted to escape and capture the fort of Gwalior. But before she could reach, she succumbed to the battle with the British forces who wrested from her fort Jhansi. The fortress withstood heavy bombardment by British forces for 17 days before it fell. (This structure has been recognized as a monument by ASI)
Sabarmati Ashram or Gandhi Ashram is a place of pilgrimage for Indians as this was the place where Mahatma lived and launched many famous movements of India’s freedom struggle. The most famous of them is Dandy Marsh. Located near the banks of the Sabarmati River, the Gandhi Ashram is surrounded by a serene serenity and one can almost feel the presence of Mahatma Gandhi. Here there is a museum that displays the life and times of the Mahatma. There is a very lively and impactful sound and light show in the evening which is a must-try.
Another famous place related to the Indian freedom struggle in Mumbai is Mani Bhavan in Gamdevi, Mumbai. This place that is today a museum dedicated to the Father of the Nation served as Mahatma Gandhi’s living quarters for the 17 eventful years of India’s freedom struggle from 1917 to 1934.
Birla Bhavan / Gandhi Smriti
Birla Bhavan is where Mahatma Gandhi spent his last days and also where he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. This house was owned by the Birla family. The place is now known as Gandhi Smriti and turns into a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi. There is now a canopy called the Column of Martyrs at the place where Mahatma Gandhi breathed his last. Gandhi Smirti is a place one must visit to honor the memory of the Father of the Nation.
Swatantra Sangram Sangrahalaya
Swatantra Sangram Sangrahalaya is a famous museum in Delhi that showcases the history of India from colonial rule onwards. The museum also emphasizes India’s first war for independence in 1857. The museum is owned and operated by the Archaeological Survey of India and displays paintings, photographs, and maps of India during different periods of history. Other than that, the museum is also home to the letters and papers of several political leaders.