Currently 193 countries are ICAO members. The UN organization also held talks about financial support to achieve lower CO2 emissions as well as sustainable aviation fuel. States have requested that a third ICAO Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels be held at the ICAO Assembly in 2023.
At the 41st ICAO Assembly, the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) underwent its first regular assessment. They also agreed on updated percentages for the sectoral and individual growth factors to be used for calculating offsetting obligations from 2030 onwards. The new CORSIA baseline, due to come into effect in 2024, is defined as 85% of CO2 emissions in 2019.
The reference period is the benchmark against which the growth in CO2 emissions from international aviation is measured. The baseline will provide additional support for airlines to set a target for the CORSIA program.
Numerous measures are required to reduce CO2 emissions, e.g. B. the faster introduction of modern aircraft technologies, simplified flight operations and the expanded production and use of environmentally friendly aviation fuels (SAF). How airlines and nations will put these measures into practice remains to be seen.
“The adoption by States of this new long-term goal for decarbonized aviation, following similar commitments from industry groups, will provide an important contribution to the green innovation and implementation momentum that needs to be accelerated in the coming decades to ultimately achieve zero-emissions powered flight,” stressed the President of the ICAO Council Salvatore Sciacchitano.