The longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch

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London: Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-reigning and longest-reigning monarch, died Thursday afternoon, the royal family announced Thursday night.

“The Queen passed away peacefully at Balmoral this afternoon,” the royal family said in a Twitter message at 11 p.m.

“The King and Queen will stay at Balmoral tonight and return to London tomorrow,” the post added.

Early life

The Duke and Duchess of York’s first child, Elizabeth, was born on 21 April 1926 in Mayfair and was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor in the chapel at Buckingham Palace.

He was privately educated at home by his younger sister, Princess Margaret, and entered public service during World War II, serving in the Territorial Auxiliary.

In November 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, formerly Prince of Greece and Denmark, and their marriage lasted 73 years until his death in April 2021.

The marriage took place in Westminster Abbey on 20 November 1947.

Their first child, Prince Charles, was born in 1948 and his sister Princess Anne joined two years later.

Accession to the throne

When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth – then 25 – became Queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon (now known as Sri Lanka). and the Head of the Commonwealth.

After moving from Clarence House to Buckingham Palace, the Queen assumed routine sovereign duties and opened her first House of Commons on 4 November 1952. Her coronation took place at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953.

Born in 1960 and 1964, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward were the first children born to a reigning monarch since Queen Victoria.

As a constitutional monarch, Elizabeth has ruled through major political changes such as the Northern Ireland Troubles, the devolution of the United Kingdom, the decolonization of Africa, and the United Kingdom joining the European Communities and leaving the European Union.

The number of his kingdoms has varied over time as regions have gained independence and some regions have become republics.

His many historic visits and meetings include state visits to China in 1986, Russia in 1994, Ireland in 2011 and visits to or from five popes.

Significant events

Significant events in the Queen’s life include: the Coronation in 1953 and her Silver, Gold, Diamond and Platinum Jubilee celebrations in 1977, 2002, 2012 and 2022.

Elizabeth is the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch, the oldest and longest-reigning head of state, and is considered the second longest-reigning monarch in world history.

He has faced occasional republican opinion and media criticism of his family, particularly after the breakdown of his children’s marriages, the annus horribilis in 1992, and the death of his former daughter-in-law, Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997.

However, support for the monarchy in the United Kingdom remains consistently high, as does her personal popularity.





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