A panel of five Supreme Court justices, including Chief Justice UU Lalit and Justices Dinesh Maheshwari, S Ravindra Bhat, Bela M Trivedi and JB Pardiwala, heard a set of petitions challenging the amendment filed by the Centre.
The amendment guarantees reservation to the poorer section of India. However, the criteria for identifying people from the Embedded Web Server (EWS) is not specified.
The Chief Justice of India, UU Lalit and Justice S Ravindra Bhat issued a dissenting ruling and disagree with the majority ruling on upholding the validity of Constitutional Amendment 103.
However, the majority of other judges have ruled that the EWS quota is valid and constitutional. The Supreme Court has held that reservation on economic grounds does not infringe on essential features of the Constitution of India.
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Amendment 103 provides 10 per cent reservation in admission to government jobs and educational institutions among the general category. The Narendra Modi-led center filed the detention in 2019 which was approved and immediately challenged in court.