“Educate your daughter before you abandon her so that she can understand the difference between good and bad,” said Savitibai Phule who, throughout her life, emphasized women’s academia. Phule strongly felt the need to teach women so that they could find harmony in the male-dominated society.
Going against the stereotypes of his home and society, Jyotiba Phule used to teach his wife initially, but later admitted her to a teacher training center. After training, Savitribai began teaching girls in Maharwada to become India’s first teacher.
Another challenge in Savitribai’s life journey was her backward caste. He was born in a family from the Mali community. She had said, “Brahminism is not just a mindset, it is a whole system. Through which, the basic elements of religion – deities, customs, worship, etc. – keep the poor Dalits under control and shut down all the paths of their progress and push them to a miserable life”.
“Brahmanism is not just a mentality, it is a whole system. Through which, the basic elements of religion – deities, customs, worship, etc. – keep the poor Dalits under control and close all the paths of their progress and push them to a miserable life”.
“The plight of the Shudras”, “Go, get education”, “Rise, to learn and act” and “The greatest wealth” are some of the famous poems of the lady.
“Main tenu phir milangi – kahan, kaise, pata nahi. Shayad teri kalpanao ki prerna bankar tere canvas par uthrangi par me tenu phir milangi. With this promise to her love, Amrita Pritam says goodbye to the world, but not really. Every time you see a blank canvas and a lonely lover, you can’t help but remember what Amrita Pritam said, Main tenu phir Milangi.
The India-Pakistan split caused pain to all who had taken a choice to choose either side of the border. Amrita Pritam was also one of them who expressed her pain with ‘Ajj akhaan Waris Shah nu’. In this set, Pritam lamented the violence and horror associated with partition.
She was a novelist, essayist and poet who chose to move to India during independence.
She believes in voicing her thoughts against violence which led her to a symbolic one-day jail sentence. In 2022, Roy was convicted alleging that the Supreme Court tried to silence the projects against the Narmada Dam project.
Roy was born in Shillong, Meghalaya, but brought up in Aymanam, Kerala. In his semi-autobiographical book called The God of Small Things in 1992, he described his childhood in Aymanam. He unfolded an era in his book when people were captive to communism, caste system and Keralite Syrian Christian way of life.
Arundhati Roy also condemned the government for conducting India’s nuclear weapons tests in Pokhran, Rajasthan in her essay called The End of Imagination.
Roy married a filmmaker who had given her a great influence of cinema. After that, she acted in a film called Massey Sahib which portrayed a humble rural Inida in the era of British rule.
Mahashweta Devi devoted crucial years of her life to thinking that there should be equality everywhere. He spent three decades among the tribes; hearing and experiencing their plight of not having a single drop of water in the drought-stricken area while there was plenty of water in the homes of upper-class men.
Devi was even called “The Mother of the Sabar” – as she had worked extensively for the Sabar tribe. Be it a journalist or a benefactor to the downtrodden class people, Devi always raised her voice against the police and the administration to bring justice to her people.
He even wrote a fiction called Draupadi in which he tells the saga of a
Mahashweta Devi, was born in Dhaka, Bangladesh on January 14, 1926, but moved to India during the time of partition. She was honored with literary awards such as Ramon Magsaysay Award, Sahitya Akademi Award and Jnanpith Award.
Not only that, but Devi’s struggle for social upliftment earned her Padma Shri and Padma Vibhushan.
His autobiographical sketch ‘Pokandi’ explains how he managed to balance his family and professional life. Leela Majumdar’s career started after her marriage.
Majumdar was a versatile writer who rose to fame with Din Dupure (1948), which was her second book. People still remember her for the humor she put into her books to make them interesting. Majumdar also wrote crime fiction, supernatural and fantasy stories.
The Bengali writer is more than words could ever describe. He wrote a biography of Rabindranath Tagore and a Bengali translation of Swift and Hemingway.
Podi Pishir Bormi Baksho was his best book and a famous director Satyajit Ray intended to make a film adaptation of the book but the project did not take off. People must know that Ray and Leela Majumdar belonged to the same Ray family which was founded by Upendra Kishore Roy Chaudhuri.
Sandesh, was a magazine that Chaudhuri founded in 1913. Leela published her story, Lakkhichhara, in the magazine of Chaudhuri, who was Leela’s uncle.